DC5n United States china in english 1 articles, created at 2021-07-20 07:16 articles set mostly negative rate -10.0
Your Tuesday Briefing

The U.S. accused China of hacking Microsoft. 2021-07-19 20:47 9KB


DC5n United States china in english 1 articles, created at 2021-07-20 07:16


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Your Tuesday Briefing

Good morning. We’re covering U. S. accusations that China hacked Microsoft, ‘Freedom Day’ in England and the systemic failures that led to a train crash in Taiwan. The U. S. accused China of hacking Microsoft The formal accusation follows a March cyberattack that targeted Microsoft email systems used by many of the world’s largest companies, governments and military contractors. For the first time, the U. S. also accused China of paying criminal groups to conduct large-scale hackings, including ransomware attacks. A broad group of allies, including all NATO members, joined the Biden administration’s condemnation. Most E. U. countries have been reluctant to publicly criticize China, a major trading partner. Despite the U. S. broadside, the announcement lacked sanctions similar to ones that the White House imposed on Russia in April, when it blamed the country for the extensive SolarWinds attack that affected U. S. government agencies and more than 100 companies. Context: The U. S. began naming and shaming China for an onslaught of online espionage nearly a decade ago, the bulk of it conducted using low-level phishing emails against American companies for intellectual property theft. These recent attacks reveal that China has now transformed into a far more sophisticated and mature digital adversary. More business tensions: U. S. Democratic senators announced a plan to tax iron, steel and other imports from countries without ambitious climate laws, like China. In other China news: The would-be microchip giant Tsinghua Unigroup is facing bankruptcy, a setback in China’s quest for semiconductor self-reliance. Beijing is using the guise of antitrust to bring powerful tech companies into line with its priorities, our columnist writes. ‘Freedom Day’ in England The country relaxed nearly all restrictions on Monday, as nightclubs threw open doors and people embraced on crowded dance floors. After 16 months of one of the longest, most stringent lockdowns in the world, Britons could have just about any sort of social gathering. But “Freedom Day,” as the long-desired and long-delayed milestone has been labeled in the British media, is fraught. The nation is reporting nearly 50,000 new coronavirus cases a day, levels seen near the country’s January peak. But with more than half the population fully vaccinated — and even higher rates among older and more vulnerable people — hospitalizations and deaths are a fraction of earlier waves. Still, hundreds of thousands of people have been forced to isolate, after a National Health Services app informed them that they had a close contact who tested positive. Even Prime Minister Boris Johnson watched the festivities from isolation: He got “pinged” after the health secretary tested positive. Data: More than 500,000 people were pinged in the first week of July. The “pingdemic” has caused staff shortages in workplaces, and most employers are keeping a return to office voluntary. On Monday morning, travel on the London Underground was 38 percent of normal demand. Here are the latest updates and maps of the pandemic. In other developments: South Korea started vaccinating high school seniors and teachers as its competitive college exam approached. The S&P 500 fell as much as 2 percent over concerns about the Delta variant’s impact on growth. Singapore recorded its highest daily case count of new infections since August. Canada has surpassed the U. S. vaccination rate. More than 100,000 people took to the streets over the weekend to protest France’s tough new vaccine strategy. Behind the Taiwan train crash One April morning, the Taroko Express No.408 collided with a truck that had tumbled down a hill, which was being shored up to prevent debris from falling on the track. Forty-nine people were killed and more than 200 were injured. At first it seemed like a freak accident. The truck got stuck going around a sharp turn on a sand-packed road. A contractor used a cloth strap and an excavator to try to free it, but it tumbled down when the strap broke. Prosecutors accused the contractor, Lee Yi-hsiang, and others of negligent homicide. But a Times investigation found that systemic failures at the government agency that runs the train system, the Taiwan Railways Administration, contributed to the disaster. Contractors like Lee were mismanaged, maintenance problems festered and officials missed or ignored safety warnings for years — creating conditions that contributed to the crash. Earlier this year, a worker warned the agency about the risk of heavy equipment maneuvering around that same turn. Data: Since 2012, the agency’s trains have experienced 316 major incidents, including collisions and derailments, according to a review by The Times. The accidents have killed 437 people. Haiti announced a new government: Ariel Henry, who had been appointed by President Jovenel Moïse, will become prime minister. A Japanese court sentenced two Americans to prison for their role in helping the former Nissan leader, Carlos Ghosn, to flee the country. European authorities marked 700 people as safe who were missing after catastrophic floods. The death toll is now 196. Lithuania accused the Belarusian president of encouraging migrants to cross their shared border as revenge for the E. U.’s sanctions. Reports of Jewish groups praying at the Temple Mount, a volatile Jerusalem holy site, have raised questions about a potentially explosive rightward policy shift in Israel. Olympics A coronavirus cluster has overshadowed the run-up to the Games, as a U. S. gymnast tested positive. Toyota pulled its Olympics television ads in Japan, a symbolic vote of no confidence as the Games begin amid a national state of emergency. These Games may be the hottest on record: Tokyo warned its citizens to not exercise outside this week, but athletes have little choice but to compete. No, the cardboard beds for athletes are not “anti-sex.” They’re just recyclable. The first competitions will begin Wednesday, ahead of Friday’s opening ceremony. Follow along with our live updates here. U. S. News The Justice Department limited the government’s ability to secretly seize reporters’ email and phone records. A fast-growing wildfire near Lake Tahoe in California prompted evacuations. Here’s a map of the blazes, part of the fourth major heat wave to afflict parts of the West since early June. Like Canada, the U. S. forced Indigenous children into boarding schools where many died. Survivors are trying to reclaim their identity. What Else Is Happening South Korea is pushing criminal penalties to crack down on misinformation and conspiracy theories online. Several governments use a cyberespionage tool to target activists, dissidents and journalists, leaked data suggests. Smartphones are steering novice hikers onto trails they can’t handle. Meet the rickshaw pullers in Kolkata, India, in a series of beautiful portraits. A Morning Read Jin Xing, the first person in China to openly undergo gender-transition surgery, is a household name. But she says she’s no standard-bearer for the L. G. B. T. Q. community. What’s in a name sign? Shortly after the 2020 presidential election, five women teamed up to assign Vice President-elect Kamala Harris a name sign — the equivalent of a person’s name in American Sign Language. The women — Ebony Gooden, Kavita Pipalia, Smita Kothari, Candace Jones and Arlene Ngalle-Paryani — are members of the “capital D Deaf community,” a term some deaf people use to indicate they embrace deafness as a cultural identity and communicate primarily through ASL. Through social media, people submitted suggestions and put the entries to a vote. The result: A name sign that draws inspiration from the sign for “lotus flower” — the translation of “Kamala” in Sanskrit — and the number three, highlighting Harris’s trifecta as the first Black, Indian and female vice president. “Name signs given to political leaders are usually created by white men, but for this one we wanted to not only represent women, but diversity — Black women, Indian women,” Kothari said. Read more about it, and see videos of the signs. — Sanam Yar, a Morning writer What to Cook Ken Hom’s spicy Sichuan noodles are easy to put together on a weeknight, yet loaded with complex flavors and textures. What to Watch “Fear Street” is an engaging and scrappy horror trilogy that follows an endearing cast of teenage rebels. What to Read “The Cult of We” is a juicy guided tour through the highly leveraged saga of WeWork and its co-founder, Adam Neumann. Now Time to Play Here’s today’s Mini Crossword, and a clue: narrow opening (4 letters). And here is today’s Spelling Bee. You can find all our puzzles here. That’s it for today’s briefing. See you next time. — Amelia P. S. The NYT Open Team talked with the designers behind New York Times Live. The latest episode of “ The Daily ” is on Covid booster shots. You can reach Amelia and the team at .

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Created at 2021-07-20 07:16